The Manager’s Job
The job of a manager is extremely difficult; the job is fragmented and constantly changing, even as the day progresses. Planning can be difficult with so many interruptions. It can be difficult to get done what needs to get done. On top of that, if the manager is “fighting fires” and dealing with crises and unforeseen events, then getting tasks done becomes even more of a problem.
The job description for a manager also changes frequently; depending on that industry they are in, what type of “organizational culture” they are part of and whether they are junior or senior in the organization.
It can also depend on factors including how the manager gets rewarded, their own personality and whether they work in a for-profit or not-for-profit organization
The term “manager” can be used in relations to all the various levels of management in the organization. Most of the time, the term “manager” is used to describe someone who supervise others.
Some examples of manager job titles are:
- Team or area leader
- Front-line supervisor
- Mid-level manager
- Department head
- Chief officer
- Managing director
- Deputy Officer
Managers are involved in four main functions:
- Planning: managers have to plan what they want to accomplish and develop specific actions in order to reach those goals
- Organizing: manager must figure out how many people are needed to get the jobs and tasks done. They also determine how the job flow happens (who does what).
- Leading: managers must supervise, lead, motivate, train, coach, guide, hire and assess employees. There are a lot of ways that these can be done
- Controlling: managers must monitor what’s going on in their head to make sure that the goals or objectives are going to be met. If the goals are not going to be met, then corrective action can be taken. The earlier the corrective action is taken, the easier it is to correct.
Skills need to be a manager is:
Conceptual: be able to see the “big picture” of the situation. Ability to arrive at ideas, create a vision and plan for the future
Technical: possess specific knowledge or have a specialized expertise
Human: be able to work well with others both individually and in group setting
All managers need to have all three skills but in different amounts, depending on their position in the organization